Andy R. Brown

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Personal Statement

Andy's teaching and research interests include popular music, with a special interest in the history and cultures of heavy metal music, of which he is considered a notable contributor to developing scholarship; popular music journalism, the music industries, media and youth consumption, subculture and audience studies.

He was a one of a nucleus of scholars that got together to imagine the idea of ‘metal studies’ and out of which the International Society for Metal Music Studies (ISMMS) emerged. He was recently interviewed for a piece to be published in the first issue (1(1) of the Metal Music Studies journal (Oct 2014) on the recollections and experiences of early scholars in the field. He was also an academic consultant on the film Global Metal (Sam Dunne 2009) and the cable-TV series, Metal Evolution.

Andy has presented research papers at the First International Conference on Heavy Metal studies, Salzburg, Austria (2008); the Heavy Metal and Gender congress, University of Cologne, Germany (2009); the 3rd and 4th International Conferences on Heavy Metal studies held in Prague, Czech Republic, in 2010 and 2011; Heavy Metal and Popular Culture conference (2013), Bowling Green State University, Ohio; Metal and It's Cultural Impact, University of Dayton, USA (2014).

In December 2014 he was invited to present a Keynote talk at the ‘Heavy Metal et sciences sociales’ conference University of Angers, W. France. In April 2015 he gave a talk to the International Association of Music Librarians on Heavy Metal and the Metal Studies Bibliography at Aston University, Birmingham. In 2016, he gave his third keynote address to the Modern Heavy Metal: Markets, Practices and Cultures conference, held in Helsinki, Finland where he also attended the Tuska metal music festival as a VIP guest. <\ br><\ br>His article 'Heavy Genealogy', part of the special issue of the Journal for Cultural Research on ‘Metal Studies?: Cultural Research in the Heavy Metal Scene’ (July 2011), currently has over 1100 views/downloads! This issue was published to coincide with the Lottery and Arts Council funded, summer long event, Home of Metal, co-ordinated by Capsule Arts, the University of Wolverhampton and Birmingham City Museum, in 2011.

Andy is the principal editor of Global Metal Music and Culture: Current Directions in Metal Studies, published by Routledge in 2016:

https://www.routledge.com/products/9781138822382

He also manages a Facebook page for the book and other publications here:

https://www.facebook.com/groups/471711526356935/

Andy is a member of the editorial advisory board of the academic journal Metal Music Studies:

http://www.intellectbooks.co.uk/journals/view-Journal,id=236/view,page=3/

Academic Qualifications

  • BA(Hons) UWE
  • PGCE(FE) Cardiff
  • DPhil London

Professional Qualifications

  • Postgraduate Certificate of Education (FE) Cardiff

External Examiners

  • External examiner Music and Event Management Programme, Bucks New University, 2013-
  • External Examiner for the Popular Music Programme, Southampton Solent University, 2008-12
  • Visiting External Examiner to the University of Malta, Dept of Sociology, March 2008.

Professional Memberships

  • International Society for Metal Music Studies (ISMMS)

      http://www.ucmo.edu/metalstudies/

  • British Sociological Association (BSA)
  • International Association for the Study of Popular Music (IASPM)
  • MECCSA

Current Scholarship

  • Since 2008, Andy has worked on the following research projects:

  • Metal, Class and Masculinity: collaborative research with Prof. Christine Griffith, University of Bath, exploring the cultural discourses of class and masculinity in UK popular music review journalism focused on heavy metal music and fandom. This research, employing an approach influenced by Bourdieu and recent debates about cultural classed relations in neo-liberal times, has explored how heavy metal is classed through symbolic appropriation and exclusion and how metal fandom constitutes itself as a community via its lack of taste and cultural legitimacy. The methodology of this research has combined a CDA of a 7 year sample of critical rock writing in the pages of the NME and insider/outsider ethnography of concert attendance and crowd participation at metal festivals and concerts.

  • The Tabloid Metal Magazine. An international comparative analysis of a six magazine sample of the UK and North American Metal music tabloid, focusing on issues of fandom, subculture, commoditization, class, ethnicity and gender, conducted over a period of 24-36 months, employing a combination of content and discourse analysis, reader focus groups and interviews. Part of this work was supported by a small budget from the Media Communications department.

  • Don't Panic Here Comes Emo: a content analysis survey of the UK press coverage of the music genre-derived term: Emo, in the period 2000-2010 employing the search engine, Newsbank.com. This material formed the data set, along with material from Kerrang!, NME and social media websites, for exploring the extent to which the scare about Emo in the national press was a rare example of a failed moral panic.

  • Metal Studies Bibliography Database (MSBD): an investigation of the emergence of the sub-field of metal studies via an extensive and exhaustive analysis of all academic publications contained in the MSBD, from 1978-2010, including monographs, articles and book chapters, across the disciplines of Psychology, Sociology, Musicology and Cultural Studies.

  • Explaining the Naming of Heavy Metal: an empirical and discursive analysis of a continuous sample, spanning the period 1969-2012, derived from the website archive Rocks Back Pages and the Rolling Stone archive, of review items and interviews, containing the term heavy metal or heavy-metal.

  • The djent project: examines the relative un-marking of ethnic minority lead guitarists in the progressive metal sub-genre by exploring on-line threads, tech geekdom and fan interaction on social media sites, such as You Tube.

  • Recently commissioned to write a chapter on Heavy Metal for the Sage Handbook of Popular Music, edited by Andy Bennett and Steve Waksman (forthcoming).

Other External Roles

  • Associate Tutor, Media and Global Communication MA, Dept. of Media and Communication, University of Leicester
  • Editorial Advisor for the academic journal Metal Music Studies: http://www.intellectbooks.co.uk/journals/view-Journal,id=236/
  • Reviewer for: Metal Music Studies, Volume!, Journal for Cultural Research, Journalism Practice and Journalism Studies
  • ESRC Rapporteur 2011
  • List Owner of Subcultural styles (Meccsa)

Areas of Expertise

  • Reception and Audiences
  • Popular Music Industry
  • Music Magazine Culture
  • Popular Music Journalism
  • Youth Media Consumption and Subcultural Identities
  • The Horror Film
  • The History and Cultures of Heavy Metal Music

Research and academic outputs

Go to ResearchSPAce

Global metal music and culture: current directions in metal studies
book

Brown, A.R, Spracklen, K, Kahn-Harris, K and Scott, N.W.R, eds. (2016) Global metal music and culture: current directions in metal studies. Routledge, New York, NY. ISBN 9781138822382


Heavy metal generations:(re)generating the politics of age, race, and identity in metal music culture
book

Brown, A.R and Fellezs, K, eds. (2012) Heavy metal generations:(re)generating the politics of age, race, and identity in metal music culture. Inter-Disciplinary Press, Oxford. ISBN 9781848881471


“Girls like metal, too!”: female reader’s engagement with the masculinist culture of the tabloid metal magazine
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Brown, A.R (2016) '“Girls like metal, too!”: female reader’s engagement with the masculinist culture of the tabloid metal magazine.' In: Heesch, F and Scott, N, eds. Heavy metal, gender and sexuality: interdisciplinary approaches. Routledge, Abingdon, pp. 163-181. ISBN 9781472424792


Introduction: global metal music and culture and metal studies
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Brown, A.R, Spracklen, K, Kahn-Harris, K and Scott, N.W.R (2016) 'Introduction: global metal music and culture and metal studies.' In: Brown, A.R, Spracklen, K, Kahn-Harris, K and Scott, N.W.R, eds. Global metal music and culture: current directions in metal studies. Routledge, New York, NY, pp. 1-21. ISBN 9781138822382


Un(su)Stained Class? : figuring out the identity-politics of heavy metal’s class demographics
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Brown, A.R (2016) 'Un(su)Stained Class? : figuring out the identity-politics of heavy metal’s class demographics.' In: Brown, A.R, Spracklen, K, Kahn-Harris, K and Scott, N.W.R, eds. Global metal music and culture: current directions in metal studies. Routledge, New York, NY, pp. 190-206. ISBN 9781138822382


The ballad of heavy metal: re-thinking artistic and commercial strategies in the mainstreaming of metal and hard rock
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Brown, A.R (2016) 'The ballad of heavy metal: re-thinking artistic and commercial strategies in the mainstreaming of metal and hard rock.' In: Walter, B.G, Riches, G, Snell, D and Bardine, B, eds. Heavy metal studies and popular culture. Palgrave Macmillan, Basingstoke, pp. 61-81. ISBN 9781137456670


"Metal for the masses": or, will metal ever be mainstream again? (and why we should want it to be…)
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Brown, A.R (2015) '"Metal for the masses": or, will metal ever be mainstream again? (and why we should want it to be…).' In: Karjalainen, T-M and Kärki, K, eds. Modern heavy metal: markets, practices and cultures - International Academic Research Conference, June 8–12, 2015, Helsinki, Finland: proceedings. International Institute for Popular Culture, Turku, pp. 454-464. ISBN 9789526062174


Everything louder than everyone else: the origins and persistence of heavy metal music and its global cultural impact
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Brown, A.R (2015) 'Everything louder than everyone else: the origins and persistence of heavy metal music and its global cultural impact.' In: Bennett, A and Wacksman, S, eds. The SAGE handbook of popular music. SAGE, London, pp. 261-277. ISBN 9781446210857


Suicide solutions? Or, how the emo class of 2008 were able to contest their media demonization, whereas the headbangers, burnouts or 'children of ZoSo' generation were not
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Brown, A.R (2013) 'Suicide solutions? Or, how the emo class of 2008 were able to contest their media demonization, whereas the headbangers, burnouts or 'children of ZoSo' generation were not.' In: Hjelm, T, Kahn-Harris, K and Levine, M, eds. Heavy metal: controversies and countercultures. Studies in popular music . Equinox Publishing Ltd, London. ISBN 9781845539412


No method in the madness? The problem of the cultural reading in Robert Walser's Running with the Devil: power madness and gender in heavy metal music and recent metal studies
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Brown, A.R (2011) 'No method in the madness? The problem of the cultural reading in Robert Walser's Running with the Devil: power madness and gender in heavy metal music and recent metal studies.' In: McKinnon, C, Scott, N and Sollee, K, eds. Can I play with madness? Metal, dissonance, madness and alienation. Inter-Disciplinary Press, Oxford, pp. 63-72. ISBN 978-1-84888-057-3 97


The importance of being 'metal': the metal music tabloid and youth identity construction
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Brown, A.R (2010) 'The importance of being 'metal': the metal music tabloid and youth identity construction.' In: Scott, N and Von Helden, I, eds. The metal void: first gatherings. Inter-Disciplinary Press, Oxford, pp. 105-134. ISBN 9781904710875


'Everything louder than everything else': the contemporary metal music magazine and its cultural appeal
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Brown, A.R (2009) ''Everything louder than everything else': the contemporary metal music magazine and its cultural appeal.' In: Holmes, T, ed. Mapping the Magazine: Comparative studies in magazine journalism. Journalism Studies . Routledge, London. ISBN 9780415451154


Rethinking the subcultural commodity: the case of heavy metal t-shirt culture(s)
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Brown, A.R (2007) 'Rethinking the subcultural commodity: the case of heavy metal t-shirt culture(s).' In: Hodkinson, P and Deicke, W, eds. Youth cultures : scenes, subcultures and tribes. Routledge advances in sociology . Routledge, New York, pp. 63-78. ISBN 9780415376129


Explaining the naming of heavy metal from rock’s “Back Pages”: a dialogue with Deena Weinstein
article

Brown, A.R (2015) 'Explaining the naming of heavy metal from rock’s “Back Pages”: a dialogue with Deena Weinstein.' Metal Music Studies, 1 (2). pp. 233-261. ISSN 2052-4005


‘A cockroach preserved in amber’: the significance of class in critics’ representations of heavy metal music and its’ fans
article

Brown, A.R and Griffin, C. (2014) '‘A cockroach preserved in amber’: the significance of class in critics’ representations of heavy metal music and its’ fans.' Sociological Review, 62 (4). pp. 719-741. ISSN 1467-954X


Iron Maiden at Twickenham Stadium, July 2008: an ethnographer’s diary
article

Brown, A.R (2014) 'Iron Maiden at Twickenham Stadium, July 2008: an ethnographer’s diary.' Leisure Studies Association Newsletter, 98. pp. 41-50.


Negatively shaping the asylum agenda? The representational strategy and impact of a tabloid news campaign
article

Brown, A.R and Matthews, J (2012) 'Negatively shaping the asylum agenda? The representational strategy and impact of a tabloid news campaign.' Journalism, 13 (6). pp. 802-817. ISSN 1464-8849


Black Sabbath and the rise of heavy metal music
article

Brown, A.R (2012) 'Black Sabbath and the rise of heavy metal music.' Volume ! The French Journal of Popular Music Studies, 9 (2). pp. 206-208.


Heavy metal music in Britain
article

Brown, A.R (2012) 'Heavy metal music in Britain.' Volume ! The French Journal of Popular Music Studies, 9 (2). pp. 220-223.


Heavy genealogy: mapping the currents, contraflows and conflicts of the emergent field of metal studies, 1978-2010
article

Brown, A.R (2011) 'Heavy genealogy: mapping the currents, contraflows and conflicts of the emergent field of metal studies, 1978-2010.' Journal for Cultural Research, 15 (3). pp. 213-242. ISSN 1479-7585


Metal studies? Cultural research in the heavy metal scene
article

Spracklen, K, Brown, A.R and Kahn-Harris, K (2011) 'Metal studies? Cultural research in the heavy metal scene.' Journal for Cultural Research, 15 (3). pp. 209-212. ISSN 1740-1666


Teaching and learning guide for: popular music cultures, media and youth consumption: towards an integration of structure, culture and agency
article

Brown, A.R (2009) 'Teaching and learning guide for: popular music cultures, media and youth consumption: towards an integration of structure, culture and agency.' Sociology Compass, 3 (5). pp. 861-870. ISSN 1751-9020


Popular music cultures, media and youth consumption: towards an integration of structure, culture and agency
article

Brown, A.R (2008) 'Popular music cultures, media and youth consumption: towards an integration of structure, culture and agency.' Sociology Compass, 2 (2). pp. 388-408. ISSN 1751-9020


A manifesto for metal studies: putting the politics of metal in its place
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Brown, A.R (2016) A manifesto for metal studies: putting the politics of metal in its place. In: Metal Music Studies, ISSMS Conference: Metal & Politics, 9 June 2016, Bournemouth University, Bournemouth, UK.


Egg-head-banger? Critical reflections on a “career” in metal studies
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Brown, A.R (2016) Egg-head-banger? Critical reflections on a “career” in metal studies. In: Modern Heavy Metal Conference: Markets, Practices and Cultures, 30 June - 1 July 2016, Aalto University, Helsinki, Finland.


Progressive metal? : re-evaluating classic, neo- and post-progressive metals and other (post-rock) alloys
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Brown, A.R (2016) Progressive metal? : re-evaluating classic, neo- and post-progressive metals and other (post-rock) alloys. In: Metal (&) Musicology, 12 March 2016, University of Hull, Hull, UK.


Metal genre nomenclature: etymology vs. genealogy approaches to the naming of thrash, death and black metal
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Brown, A.R (2015) Metal genre nomenclature: etymology vs. genealogy approaches to the naming of thrash, death and black metal. In: Mind Over Metal: Metal Music and Culture from a Cross-Disciplinary Perspective, 3 - 4 December 2015, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.


Heavy genealogy: reflections on metal studies and the MMSDB
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Brown, A.R (2015) Heavy genealogy: reflections on metal studies and the MMSDB. In: IAML (UK & Irl) Annual Study Weekend, 25 -26 April 2015, Aston University, Birmingham, UK.


Heavy genealogy
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Brown, A.R (2014) Heavy genealogy. In: Heavy Metal et Sciences Sociales, 18-19 December 2014, University of Angers, France.


Revenge of the metal-univore or rise of the metal-omnivore? Exploring changes in the legitimacy of having a 'taste for classical music and heavy metal'
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Brown, A.R (2014) Revenge of the metal-univore or rise of the metal-omnivore? Exploring changes in the legitimacy of having a 'taste for classical music and heavy metal'. In: Metal and Cultural Impact: Metal's Role in the 21st Century, 6-8 November 2014, Dayton, Ohio, USA.


Protesting masculinity: exploring the affective complexities of masculine performativity in contemporary metal music videos
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Brown, A.R (2014) Protesting masculinity: exploring the affective complexities of masculine performativity in contemporary metal music videos. In: IASPM UK & IRELAND Conference, 12-14 September 2014, University College Cork, Ireland.


Race with the devil: the racial politics of heavy metal music and fandom or, who gets to play with heavy metal, anyway?
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Brown, A.R, Dawes, L and Fellezs, K (2013) Race with the devil: the racial politics of heavy metal music and fandom or, who gets to play with heavy metal, anyway? In: Popular Culture Association of Canada (PCAC), 3rd Annual Conference, 9 - 11 May 2013, Calgary, Alberta, Canada.


A league of extraordinary djentlemen? Geekdom, virtuosity and the relative un-marking of race in on-line progressive-metal fandom threads
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Brown, A.R (2013) A league of extraordinary djentlemen? Geekdom, virtuosity and the relative un-marking of race in on-line progressive-metal fandom threads. In: The Heavy Metal and Popular Culture Conference, 4 - 7 April 2013, Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green, Ohio, USA.


The speeding bullet, the smoking gun: tracing metal trajectories, from Sabbath to Satyricon ... and beyond
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Brown, A.R (2012) The speeding bullet, the smoking gun: tracing metal trajectories, from Sabbath to Satyricon ... and beyond. In: 4th Global Conference: Heavy Fundamentalisms: Music, Metal and Politics, 9 – 11 May 2012, Prague, Czech Republic.


Un(su)stained class: the enigma of class consciousness in the origins and development of heavy metal music in Great Britain
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Brown, A.R (2011) Un(su)stained class: the enigma of class consciousness in the origins and development of heavy metal music in Great Britain. In: Home of Metal conference, 1 - 4 September 2011, University of Wolverhampton and Lighthouse Media Centre, Wolverhampton.


Raunchy, Girly, Rock Bitch and Lavender: mapping female reader repertoires within tabloid metal magazine culture
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Brown, A.R (2011) Raunchy, Girly, Rock Bitch and Lavender: mapping female reader repertoires within tabloid metal magazine culture. In: Mapping the Magazine 3 Conference, 7 - 8 July 2011, Cardiff University.


Inscribing the abhorred space: the significance of class in critics' representations of heavy metal music and its fans
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Brown, A.R and Griffin, C (2009) Inscribing the abhorred space: the significance of class in critics' representations of heavy metal music and its fans. In: BSA (British Sociological Association) Annual Conference 2009 - The Challenge of Global Social Inquiry, 16 - 19 April 2009, Cardiff City Hall, Cardiff, UK.


Girls like metal, too!: female readers engagement with the masculinist ethos of the tabloid metal magazine
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Brown, A.R (2009) Girls like metal, too!: female readers engagement with the masculinist ethos of the tabloid metal magazine. In: Heavy Metal and Gender Congress, 8 - 10 October 2009, University of Music and Dance, Cologne / Hochschule für Musik Köln, Germany.


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